Male Infertility: Causes & Treatment

Male infertility is defined as the inability of an individual to cause pregnancy in a fertile female. Infertility can be due to several causes, including azoospermia, oligospermia, abnormal sperm function, or blockage of the sperm ducts. Male infertility can result from low sperm production and abnormal sperm function or obstructions preventing sperm delivery. 

Dubai is now performing well in giving a good success rate in IVF. IVF in Dubai shows  50-70% positive results. The best IVF centre in Dubai treats male infertility can be brought on by illnesses, accidents, chronic health issues, lifestyle decisions, and other factors. 

Sperm is produced in the testicles. The sperm matures as it passes through the epididymis. When ejaculation occurs, the mature sperm are moved through vas deferens tubes into the urethra and out of the penis during orgasm.

The causes of male infertility include:

  • Low sperm count (azoospermia)
  • Poor quality of semen (oligozoospermia)
  • Abnormally shaped sperms (teratozoospermia)

In some cases, the cause of male infertility is not known. However, there are factors that may increase a man’s risk for infertility, including:

  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • Varicocele swollen veins in the scrotum.
  • Undescended testicles are a condition where one or both testicles fail to move down from inside of the abdomen into the scrotum before birth.
  • Genetic defects such as low sperm quality or mobility. 


Varicocele (an enlarged vein in the scrotum) is a condition that causes the veins in the scrotum to dilate. This can affect sperm production and cause infertility, especially if left untreated. It’s more common in men between ages 20 and 40, but it can occur at any age.

Treatment options include surgery or medication.

Undescended testicles:

An undescended testicle is a condition where one or both of your testicles hasn’t moved down into the scrotum. It’s also called testicular retraction and cryptorchidism.

If you have an undescended testicle, it can cause symptoms such as:

  • Painless swelling in the groin area around your testicles
  • Difficulty getting an erection
  • Infertility 

Syphilis (which includes both primary syphilis and secondary syphilis) results from an infection with Treponema pallidum bacteria; however, this bacterium stays dormant after initial exposure until activated later on by another trigger. 

For example, stress or exhaustion spreads throughout your body via blood vessels before moving into other parts, such as joints or tendons, where they create hard nodules called gummas that eventually calcify into bone tissue once they’ve been present long enough.

Genetic defects (Klinefelter syndrome)

Men with Klinefelter syndrome, a genetic disorder, cannot conceive. It occurs when there is an extra X chromosome (XXY) instead of the usual XY chromosome. 

The extra X chromosome affects the development of reproductive organs, resulting in small testicles and less testosterone than normal. Men with Klinefelter syndrome may have problems producing sperm or getting an erection.

Chromosomal abnormalities interfere with normal sperm development and can cause infertility. In these cases, unusual hormone levels are usually present at birth. 

Male infertility can have a wide range of underlying causes, including:

  • IVF in Dubai also deals with Infertility from a chromosomal abnormality, such as Klinefelter syndrome. This makes it difficult to produce sperm. The testes may be smaller than usual or have an abnormal shape.
  • Hormone problems with too much testosterone are linked to poor semen quality; low testosterone levels can also cause infertility by affecting the production of sperm cells.

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